Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy leads to reduction in thyroxine requirement in morbidly obese patients with hypothyroidism

Sandeep Aggarwal, Shrey Modi, Toney Jose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The impact of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on various co-morbidities including type II diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and sleep apnea is well established. However, its effect on hypothyroidism has not been given due attention evidenced by the scant literature on the subject. The purpose of this report is to assess the change in thyroxine (T4) requirement in morbidly obese patients with clinical hypothyroidism after LSG. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of morbidly obese patients on T4 replacement therapy for clinical hypothyroidism who underwent LSG from August 2009 to July 2012 at our institution. Results: Of the 200 patients who underwent LSG during this period, 21 (10.5 %) were on T4 replacement therapy preoperatively for clinical hypothyroidism. Two patients were lost to follow-up. The remaining 19 patients were categorized into two groups. Group 1 comprised 13 patients with decreased T4 requirements after LSG. Group 2 comprised six patients in whom the T4 dose remained unaltered. The mean change in T4 requirement in group 1 was 42.07 % (12-100 %). Group 1 patients had a significantly higher mean preoperative body mass index (48.7 vs. 43.0 kg/m2; p = 0.03) than the group 2 patients. There was a significant correlation between the percentage excess weight loss and the percentage change in T4 requirement in group 1 (r = 0.607, p = 0.028). Conclusions: Sleeve gastrectomy has a favorable impact on hypothyroid status as seen by a reduction in T4 requirement in the majority of morbidly obese patients with overt hypothyroidism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2628-2631
Number of pages4
JournalWorld Journal of Surgery
Volume38
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Société Internationale de Chirurgie.

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