Laparoscopic augmentation cystoplasty using the novel biomaterial Surgisis(TM): Small-intestinal submucosa

Christopher J. Calvano, Michael E. Moran, Ashish Parekh, Premal J. Desai, Lars J. Cisek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose: Urinary bladder augmentation is indicated for diverse conditions, including neurogenic bladder, cancer resection, spinal cord injury, and congenital anomalies. The ideal cystoplasty material is yet to be described. Native gastrointestinal segments commonly used are limited by leakage and small-bowel obstruction, metabolic/nutritional abnormalities, calculi, and malignancy. This study assessed laparoscopic bladder augmentation with porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS). Materials and Methods: Five female pigs (<25 kg) were prepared for surgery under general anesthesia. After Veress needle insufflation, a main 10-mm trocar was placed in the midline for the laparoscope, with two lateral 10-mm ports added for operative instruments. The bladder dome was incised, and a patch of SIS was sewn into the bladder using running 2-0 Vicryl. Three animals served as technical studies. Two additional sows underwent long-term survival surgery: one undiverted and one diverted via a Stamey suprapubic catheter. Results: There were no operative losses. The mean operative time was 140 minutes. The SITS graft held the sutures without tearing. Laparoscopic survey revealed no urine leaks at bladder closure. All five animals voided postoperatively. Urinary extravasation was evident in the three undiverted techique animals. In the other two sows, cystoscopy at 7 days showed intact suture lines without evidence of urinary extravasation and with normal vesicular volumes. Tissue growth was evident, but the graft margins were still discernible. Conclusions: Laparoscopic bladder augmentation was possible using SIS but at minimal volumes. There were no operative complications; however, the material was difficult to deploy and may benefit from application of an absorbable scaffold. Postoperative urinary drainage is necessary. Further studies will optimize the graft configuration for maximal augmentation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-217
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Endourology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000


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