Laminar tube flow with a thermosetting polymerization

J. M. Castro, S. D. Lipshitz, Chris Macosko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two models describing the laminar flow of a polymerizing liquid through a tube have been developed and tested experimentally. One model is a full finite difference solution of the balance equations. The other is an approximate analytical solution which assumes that flow ceases after viscosity increases about tenfold. The models are compared to two experimental cases: (1) the pressure rise needed to keep the flow rate through the tube constant and (2) the flow rate decrease when pressure at the tube entrance is held constant. The finite difference model is more accurate in the early stages of polymerization while the approximate analytical model is more accurate at long times. The models have application to runner flow in reaction injection molding, to nozzles in thermoset molding, to thermoset dispensing equipment and to continuous reactive polymer processes in general.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)973-980
Number of pages8
JournalAICHE Journal
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982

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Pipe flow
Polymerization
Pressure
Viscosity
Thermosets
Polymers
Equipment and Supplies
Injections
Flow rate
Reaction injection molding
Functional polymers
Laminar flow
Molding
Analytical models
Nozzles
Liquids

Cite this

Castro, J. M., Lipshitz, S. D., & Macosko, C. (1982). Laminar tube flow with a thermosetting polymerization. AICHE Journal, 28(6), 973-980. https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.690280612

Laminar tube flow with a thermosetting polymerization. / Castro, J. M.; Lipshitz, S. D.; Macosko, Chris.

In: AICHE Journal, Vol. 28, No. 6, 01.01.1982, p. 973-980.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Castro, JM, Lipshitz, SD & Macosko, C 1982, 'Laminar tube flow with a thermosetting polymerization', AICHE Journal, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 973-980. https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.690280612
Castro, J. M. ; Lipshitz, S. D. ; Macosko, Chris. / Laminar tube flow with a thermosetting polymerization. In: AICHE Journal. 1982 ; Vol. 28, No. 6. pp. 973-980.
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