Lack of Evidence for Fitness Costs in Soybean Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) With Resistance to Pyrethroid Insecticides in the Upper Midwest Region of the United States

James P Menger, Arthur Vieira Ribeiro, Bruce D Potter, Ivair Valmorbida, Erin W. Hodgson, Janet J. Knodel, Robert L. Koch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Twenty years after the arrival of soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae), in the United States, it remains the most economically important arthropod pest of soybean in the Upper Midwest Region. After years of repeated and sustained insecticidal pressures placed on the aphid, resistance to the pyrethroid class of insecticides has been documented in multiple years over a large geographic area. In this study, the fitness of aphid isolates displaying resistant and susceptible phenotypes to λ-cyhalothrin were compared within several experiments over three soybean-growing seasons. Rates of population increase were evaluated on whole plants in the greenhouse, intrinsic rates of increase were calculated from leaf discs in the laboratory, and aphid size and asymmetry were compared through tibial measurements. No evidence of a fitness cost associated with the resistant phenotype was seen in any of our experiments. In contrast, individual resistant isolates occasionally supported significantly higher fitness values than some susceptible isolates. Additionally, a pooled analysis comparing resistant and susceptible phenotypes across years and isolates revealed that, on average, the resistant phenotype had significantly higher fitness values than the susceptible phenotype in most experiments. The lack of reproductive fitness costs associated with the pyrethroid-resistant phenotype raises concerns for longevity of pyrethroid use in soybean aphid management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1191-1202
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of economic entomology
Volume115
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s).

Keywords

  • crop protection
  • intrinsic rate of increase
  • phenotype
  • reproduction
  • λ-cyhalothrin

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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