Lack of evidence for fecal shedding of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in calves born to fecal culture positive dams

Patrick Pithua, Scott J. Wells, Srinand Sreevatsan, Sandra M. Godden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective was to detect presence of calves excreting Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in their feces as a consequence of being born to MAP fecal culture positive (vs. negative) dams. For each cow that was about to calf, approximately 10 g of feces was collected manually by the herdsmen from the rectum using a disposable plastic examination sleeve within 48-72 h prior to actual calving. Between 1 and 3 d of birth, herd personnel collected approximately 10 g of fecal samples followed by monthly visits to the farm at which time 10 g of fecal samples were again collected by study investigators from each calf at approximately 30, 60 and 90 d of age. Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis was recovered from 8% (5/60) of the cows that gave birth to calves. However, MAP was not recovered from any of the fecal samples (0/240) collected from study calves. Findings of the present study suggest lack of evidence for fecal excretion of MAP in calves born to fecal culture positive (vs. negative) dams in a heavily infected herd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)242-245
Number of pages4
JournalPreventive Veterinary Medicine
Volume93
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Calves
  • Fecal excretion
  • Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis