Labeling and Cumulative Disadvantage

The Impact of Formal Police Intervention on Life Chances and Crime During Emerging Adulthood

Giza Lopes, Marvin D. Krohn, Alan J. Lizotte, Nicole M Schmidt, Bob Edward Vásquez, Jón Gunnar Bernburg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research in labeling theory has been revived recently, particularly in relation to the effect of labeling on critical noncriminal outcomes that potentially exacerbate involvement in crime. This study partakes in that revitalization by examining direct and indirect effects of police intervention in the lives of adolescents who were followed into their 30s. The authors find that early police intervention is indirectly related to drug use at the ages of 29 to 31, as well as unemployment and welfare receipt. Given that such effects were found some 15 years after the labeling event, on criminal and noncriminal outcomes, and after controlling for intraindividual factors, the authors conclude that the labeling perspective is still relevant within a developmental framework.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)456-488
Number of pages33
JournalCrime and Delinquency
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Police
Crime
adulthood
police
offense
Unemployment
drug use
unemployment
welfare
Research
Pharmaceutical Preparations
adolescent
event

Keywords

  • cumulative disadvantage
  • labeling theory
  • life course
  • police intervention
  • transition t.a.ulthood

Cite this

Labeling and Cumulative Disadvantage : The Impact of Formal Police Intervention on Life Chances and Crime During Emerging Adulthood. / Lopes, Giza; Krohn, Marvin D.; Lizotte, Alan J.; Schmidt, Nicole M; Vásquez, Bob Edward; Bernburg, Jón Gunnar.

In: Crime and Delinquency, Vol. 58, No. 3, 01.05.2012, p. 456-488.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lopes, Giza ; Krohn, Marvin D. ; Lizotte, Alan J. ; Schmidt, Nicole M ; Vásquez, Bob Edward ; Bernburg, Jón Gunnar. / Labeling and Cumulative Disadvantage : The Impact of Formal Police Intervention on Life Chances and Crime During Emerging Adulthood. In: Crime and Delinquency. 2012 ; Vol. 58, No. 3. pp. 456-488.
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