Knowledge revision through the lenses of the three-pronged approach

Panayiota A Kendeou, Reese Butterfuss, Jasmine Kim, Martin Van Boekel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present study, we employed the three-pronged approach to determine the actual cognitive processes theorized in knowledge revision. First, the Knowledge Revision Components (KReC) framework was identified as the guiding theory. Second, think-aloud analysis highlighted at which points in refutation texts readers detected discrepancies between their incorrect, commonsense beliefs and the correct beliefs, and the exact processes with which they dealt with these discrepancies—successfully or unsuccessfully, as indicated by posttest scores. Third, corroborating reading-time data and posttest data demonstrated that the structure of the refutation texts facilitated the coactivation and integration of the explanation with the commonsense belief, resulting in knowledge revision. Finally, an analysis directly connected the processes identified during think-aloud to sentence reading times. These findings systematically identify the cognitive processes theorized during knowledge revision and, in doing so, provide evidence for the conditions for revision outlined in the KReC framework.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-46
Number of pages14
JournalMemory and Cognition
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2019

Fingerprint

Lenses
Reading
Posttests
Reading Time
Cognitive Processes
Think-aloud
Refutation

Keywords

  • Cognitive processes
  • Knowledge revision
  • Refutation texts
  • Think-aloud
  • Three-pronged approach

Cite this

Knowledge revision through the lenses of the three-pronged approach. / Kendeou, Panayiota A; Butterfuss, Reese; Kim, Jasmine; Van Boekel, Martin.

In: Memory and Cognition, Vol. 47, No. 1, 15.01.2019, p. 33-46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{5e6e76c2f88c4be89b6f08c581295396,
title = "Knowledge revision through the lenses of the three-pronged approach",
abstract = "In the present study, we employed the three-pronged approach to determine the actual cognitive processes theorized in knowledge revision. First, the Knowledge Revision Components (KReC) framework was identified as the guiding theory. Second, think-aloud analysis highlighted at which points in refutation texts readers detected discrepancies between their incorrect, commonsense beliefs and the correct beliefs, and the exact processes with which they dealt with these discrepancies—successfully or unsuccessfully, as indicated by posttest scores. Third, corroborating reading-time data and posttest data demonstrated that the structure of the refutation texts facilitated the coactivation and integration of the explanation with the commonsense belief, resulting in knowledge revision. Finally, an analysis directly connected the processes identified during think-aloud to sentence reading times. These findings systematically identify the cognitive processes theorized during knowledge revision and, in doing so, provide evidence for the conditions for revision outlined in the KReC framework.",
keywords = "Cognitive processes, Knowledge revision, Refutation texts, Think-aloud, Three-pronged approach",
author = "Kendeou, {Panayiota A} and Reese Butterfuss and Jasmine Kim and {Van Boekel}, Martin",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "15",
doi = "10.3758/s13421-018-0848-y",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "47",
pages = "33--46",
journal = "Annals of Intensive Care",
issn = "2110-5820",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Knowledge revision through the lenses of the three-pronged approach

AU - Kendeou, Panayiota A

AU - Butterfuss, Reese

AU - Kim, Jasmine

AU - Van Boekel, Martin

PY - 2019/1/15

Y1 - 2019/1/15

N2 - In the present study, we employed the three-pronged approach to determine the actual cognitive processes theorized in knowledge revision. First, the Knowledge Revision Components (KReC) framework was identified as the guiding theory. Second, think-aloud analysis highlighted at which points in refutation texts readers detected discrepancies between their incorrect, commonsense beliefs and the correct beliefs, and the exact processes with which they dealt with these discrepancies—successfully or unsuccessfully, as indicated by posttest scores. Third, corroborating reading-time data and posttest data demonstrated that the structure of the refutation texts facilitated the coactivation and integration of the explanation with the commonsense belief, resulting in knowledge revision. Finally, an analysis directly connected the processes identified during think-aloud to sentence reading times. These findings systematically identify the cognitive processes theorized during knowledge revision and, in doing so, provide evidence for the conditions for revision outlined in the KReC framework.

AB - In the present study, we employed the three-pronged approach to determine the actual cognitive processes theorized in knowledge revision. First, the Knowledge Revision Components (KReC) framework was identified as the guiding theory. Second, think-aloud analysis highlighted at which points in refutation texts readers detected discrepancies between their incorrect, commonsense beliefs and the correct beliefs, and the exact processes with which they dealt with these discrepancies—successfully or unsuccessfully, as indicated by posttest scores. Third, corroborating reading-time data and posttest data demonstrated that the structure of the refutation texts facilitated the coactivation and integration of the explanation with the commonsense belief, resulting in knowledge revision. Finally, an analysis directly connected the processes identified during think-aloud to sentence reading times. These findings systematically identify the cognitive processes theorized during knowledge revision and, in doing so, provide evidence for the conditions for revision outlined in the KReC framework.

KW - Cognitive processes

KW - Knowledge revision

KW - Refutation texts

KW - Think-aloud

KW - Three-pronged approach

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052115057&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85052115057&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3758/s13421-018-0848-y

DO - 10.3758/s13421-018-0848-y

M3 - Article

C2 - 30117115

AN - SCOPUS:85052115057

VL - 47

SP - 33

EP - 46

JO - Annals of Intensive Care

JF - Annals of Intensive Care

SN - 2110-5820

IS - 1

ER -