A three-dimensional structural model of the dichloromethane dehalogenase (DCMD) from Methylophilus sp. DM11 is constructed based on sequence similarities to the glutathione S-transferases (GSTs). To maximize sequence identity and minimize gaps in the alignment, a hybrid approach is used that takes advantage of the increased homology found between DM11 and domain I of the sheep blowfly θ class GST (residues 1-79) and domain II of the human α class GST (residues 81-222). The resulting structure has Cα root mean square deviations of 1.16 Å in domain I and 1.83 in domain II from the template GSTs, which compare well to those seen in other GST interclass comparisons. The model is further applied to explore the structural basis for substrate binding and catalysis. A conserved network of hydrogen bonds is described that binds glutathione to the G site, placing the thiol group in a suitable location for nucleophilic attack of dichloromethane. A mechanism is proposed that involves activation through a hydrogen bond interaction between Ser12 and glutathione, similar to that found in the θ-GSTs. The model also demonstrates how aromatic residues in the hydrophobic site (H site) could play a role in promoting catalysis: His116 and Trp117 are ideally situated to accept a growing negative charge on a chlorine of dichloromethane, stabilizing displacement. This scheme is consistent with experimental results of single-point mutations and comparisons with other GST structures and mechanisms.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Proteins: Structure, Function and Genetics|
|State||Published - Jul 14 1997|
- Glutathione S-transferase
- Homology modeling
- Theta class