Knowing quitters predicts smoking cessation in a homeless population

Kathryn Goldade, Don Des Jarlais, Susan Everson-Rose, Hongfei Guo, Janet L Thomas, Lillian Gelberg, Anne M Joseph, Kola Okuyemi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the impact of knowing quitters on cessation among homeless smokers. Methods: Secondary analysis of data derived from a community-based randomized controlled trial of 430 homeless smokers. We conducted multivariable logistic regression analysis to determine whether knowing quitters impacted the likelihood of cessation (salivary cotinine ≤ 20 ng/ml) at 26-week follow-up. Results: Multivariable logistic regression showed cessation was more likely for smokers who knew ≥ 5 quitters compared with those who knew no quitters (Odds Ratio = 3.79, CI = 1.17, 12.27, p = .008), adjusting for age, education, income, and time to first cigarette in morning. Conclusions: Knowing former smokers was associated with increased likelihood of achieving smoking abstinence among homeless smokers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-524
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of health behavior
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

Fingerprint

Smoking Cessation
smoking
Logistic Models
logistics
Cotinine
secondary analysis
Tobacco Products
Population
regression analysis
Randomized Controlled Trials
Smoking
Odds Ratio
Regression Analysis
Education
income
regression
community
education
time

Keywords

  • Homeless population
  • Smoking cessation
  • Social influence

Cite this

Goldade, K., Jarlais, D. D., Everson-Rose, S., Guo, H., Thomas, J. L., Gelberg, L., ... Okuyemi, K. (2013). Knowing quitters predicts smoking cessation in a homeless population. American journal of health behavior, 37(4), 517-524. https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.4.9

Knowing quitters predicts smoking cessation in a homeless population. / Goldade, Kathryn; Jarlais, Don Des; Everson-Rose, Susan; Guo, Hongfei; Thomas, Janet L; Gelberg, Lillian; Joseph, Anne M; Okuyemi, Kola.

In: American journal of health behavior, Vol. 37, No. 4, 01.07.2013, p. 517-524.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Goldade, Kathryn ; Jarlais, Don Des ; Everson-Rose, Susan ; Guo, Hongfei ; Thomas, Janet L ; Gelberg, Lillian ; Joseph, Anne M ; Okuyemi, Kola. / Knowing quitters predicts smoking cessation in a homeless population. In: American journal of health behavior. 2013 ; Vol. 37, No. 4. pp. 517-524.
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