Kinetics of hydroxyapatite precipitation at pH 10 to 11

Changsheng Liu, Yue Huang, Wei Shen, Jinghua Cui

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267 Scopus citations


The mechanism and kinetics of hydroxyapatite (HAP) precipitation from aqueous solution at the conditions of pH 10-11 and at calcium ion concentrations of more than 0.5 mol/l were investigated. The results show that the reaction undergoes the following process: transferring from octacalcium phosphate (OCP) to amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) rapidly, and then from ACP to calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite (DAP) and HAP. DAP was the non-stoichiometric material that ACP converts to HAP. Reaction temperature greatly affects the reaction rate of the conversion from ACP to HAP. It takes about 24 h to form pure-phase HAP at 25°C while it takes only 5 min at 60°C. The temperature also has a great deal of influence on the particle size and morphology of precipitated hydroxyapatite. The reaction of transformation from ACP to DAP was second order and the activation energy was 95 kJ/mol (22.7 kCal/mol) and therefore it was inferred that the conversion reaction was a surface control process. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-306
Number of pages6
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 15 2001
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation, China, under Grant No. 59302013, and the National Hi-tech Research and Development Plan, P.R. China, under Grant No. 715-009-0100.

Copyright 2007 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Activation energy
  • Conversion
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Kinetics
  • Precipitation


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