We measure the kinematics of segregating granular mixtures in dense free-surface boundary-layer flow in a rotated drum. We find that in a segregating mixture, the different components move with roughly the same velocities, except for a relatively small segregation velocity perpendicular to the direction of flow. On the other hand, the mean variance of the velocities-often associated with a granular temperature-may differ for the two components. In the majority of the high-density boundary layer, the difference is driven by relative particle size and may be understood considering a geometrically motivated model. In the low-density region at the top of the boundary layer, the difference is driven by relative particle mass, similar to observations in more energetic systems.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|State||Published - Jun 12 2008|