Kids at risk: Children’s employment in hazardous occupations in Brazil

Deborah S. DeGraff, Andrea R. Ferro, Deborah Levison

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Scopus citations


    While the literature on child labor in Brazil is large, it is not comprehensive: in particular, there are few studies on children’s work in risky occupations, and those that exist tend to be qualitative and based on limited samples. In this paper, we aim to paint a broader picture of children’s engagement in risky labor force work, based on quantitative evidence from PNAD data. We document associations between parental characteristics and children’s work, using both descriptive statistics and multivariate modeling to understand the determinants of child participation in risky labor force work. Brazilian children engaged in risky occupations are less likely than other employed children to be enrolled in school, and more likely to work long hours and experience a variety of working conditions that may be unsafe. Parental education, indicators of household wealth and owning a family farm are particularly strongly associated with the incidence of risky work among children, and girls are over-represented in risky jobs due to their work in domestic service.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)685-721
    Number of pages37
    JournalEstudos Economicos
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2014, Instituto de Pesquisas Economicas da FEA-USP. All rights reserved.


    • Brazil
    • Child labor
    • Multivariate models
    • Risky work


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