Kidney failure, arterial hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy in rats with loss of function mutation of SOD3

Haipeng Guo, Dachun Xu, Marcos Kuroki, Zhongbing Lu, Xin Xu, Aron Geurts, John W. Osborn, Yingjie Chen

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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) poses a considerable medical and public health challenge, and the Dahl/Salt Sensitive (Dahl/SS) strain is often used for CKD study. Extracellular superoxide dismutase (SOD3) is important for removing extracellular superoxide anions and is highly expressed in renal tissue. Using a novel rat strain with loss-of-function mutation of SOD3 created by replacing glutamate 124 of SOD3 with aspartic acid (SOD3E124D rat strain), we determined the effect of SOD3 on renal function and blood pressure in Dahl/SS rats. We find that SOD3E124D rats are phenotypically indistinguishable from wild type rats through 8 weeks of age, but develop profound CKD characterized by focal necrosis and fibrosis, glomerulosclerosis, massive proteinaceous cast accumulation with tubular dilatation, interstitial fibrosis with hypertension and renal failure by 21 weeks. The SOD3E124D strain represents a unique rat model that spontaneously develops CKD in an age-dependent fashion. The finding that loss of SOD3 causes CKD indicates that extracellular oxidative stress contributes to CKD and renal failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020



  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Extracellular SOD
  • Hypertension
  • Hypertrophy
  • Oxidative stress

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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