Consommation de khat, dépendance, affections de santé mentale et troubles physiques associés: Nécessité de s’attaquer à un risque croissant

Translated title of the contribution: Khat use and related addiction, mental health and physical disorders: The need to address a growing risk

Michael Odenwald, Mustafa Al’Absi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Khat use is a drug problem characteristic of the Eastern Mediterranean Region, which is a widespread culturally accepted practice in some countries and is becoming more prevalent in others. Although limited use may not be accompanied by serious consequences, prolonged exposure could lead to dependence, psychosis and other psychiatric disorders and physical conditions such as hypertension, cardiovascular complications, sexual dysfunction, hepatoxicity and reduced birth weight of infants born to khat-chewing mothers. The widespread use and its burden on health and economy has raised concerns in the Region, although the extent of the problem is not well assessed. Additionally, most countries do not have a clear policy and plan with regard to khat use, and therefore there is hardly any structured prevention and treatment plan in place to respond to the problem. This review presents a picture of the extent of the problem, elaborates on related existing research initiatives and international treaties, policies and health service provisions, and outlines best policy and programme interventions in khat-use countries.

Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)236-244
Number of pages9
JournalEastern Mediterranean Health Journal
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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