Juvenile Justice

Barry C. Feld, Donna M. Bishop

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This article examines juvenile justice policy and practice with a special focus on changes over the past quarter-century that have both challenged and reasserted juvenile courts' founding principles that children do indeed differ from adults. Section I provides an overview of the early juvenile court-its philosophical underpinnings and historic mission. Section II examines the "due process revolution" of the 1960s and assesses its intended and unintended consequences. Section III focuses on punitive shifts in juvenile justice policies during the 1980s and 1990s. It identifies the structural and political sources of "get tough" policies, examines the reformulation of adolescents' culpability, and explores their impact on juvenile justice administration. Section IV examines the contemporary juvenile court and recent responses to juvenile courts' historical deficiencies and the punitive overreaction of the 1990s. It assays how new research on adolescent competence and culpability has implicated critical issues in juvenile justice administration and influenced youth crime policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199940257
ISBN (Print)9780195395082
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 18 2012

Keywords

  • Adolescent culpability
  • Due process
  • Get tough policies
  • Juvenile court
  • Juvenile justice administration
  • Juvenile justice policy
  • Youth crime policy

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  • Cite this

    Feld, B. C., & Bishop, D. M. (2012). Juvenile Justice. In The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195395082.013.0020