Job Seeking: The Process and Experience of Looking for a Job

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Abstract

This review distills available empirical research about the process and experience of looking for a job. Job search varies according to several dimensions, including intensity, content, and temporality/persistence. Our review examines how these dimensions relate to job search success, which involves job finding as well as job quality. Because social networking and interviewing behavior have attracted significant research attention, we describe findings with respect to these two job search methods in greater detail. We provide examples of the relevance of context to job search (i.e., the job seeker's geographical region, country, and culture; the economy; the job seeker's current or past employment situation; and employer behaviors and preferences) and review research on bias in the job search. Finally, we survey work on job search interventions and conclude with an overview of pressing job search issues in need of future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-337
Number of pages23
JournalAnnual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 21 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright 2020 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • job change
  • job loss
  • job search
  • unemployment

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