Job Performance Over Time Is a Function of Latent Trajectories and Previous Performance

Michael J. Zyphur, Sankalp Chaturvedi, Richard D Arvey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations


Previous literature addressing job performance over time notes that past performance can affect future performance and that individuals often have distinct latent performance trajectories. However, no research to date has modeled these 2 aspects of job performance in tandem. Drawing on previous literature, the authors note that current performance may act as performance feedback, influencing future performance directly (i.e., autoregression), and that individuals differ in their performance trajectories due to individual-difference factors (i.e., latent trajectories). The authors demonstrate an autoregressive latent trajectory (ALT) model to show how both autoregressive and latent trajectory parameters may be incorporated in modeling job performance over time. Also discussed are the implications of the ALT model for future studies examining job performance longitudinally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-224
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008


  • cognitive ability
  • job performance
  • performance motivation
  • personality

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