Job attitudes, job satisfaction, and job affect: A century of continuity and of change

Timothy A. Judge, Howard M. Weiss, John D. Kammeyer-Mueller, Charles L. Hulin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

287 Scopus citations


Over the past 100 years, research on job attitudes has improved in the sophistication of methods and in the productive use of theory as a basis for fundamental research into questions of work psychology. Early research incorporated a diversity of methods for measuring potential predictors and outcomes of job attitudes. Over time, methods for statistically assessing these relationships became more rigorous, but the field also became narrower. In recent years, developments in theory and methodology have reinvigorated research, which now addresses a rich panoply of topics related to the daily flow of affect, the complexity of personal motives and dispositions, and the complex interplay of attitude objects and motivation in shaping behavior. Despite these apparent changes, a review of the concepts and substantive arguments that underpin this literature have remained remarkably consistent. We conclude by discussing how we expect that these major themes will be addressed in the future, emphasizing topics that have proven to be enduring guides for understanding the ways that people construe and react to their appraisals of their work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)356-374
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017


  • Job affect
  • Job attitudes
  • Job satisfaction
  • Organizational commitment


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