## Abstract

We describe Jacobi’s method for integrating the Hamilton-Jacobi equation and his discovery of elliptic coordinates, the generic separable coordinate systems for real and complex constant curvature spaces. This work was an essential precursor for the modern theory of second-order superintegrable systems to which we then turn. A Schrödinger operator with potential on a Riemannian space is second-order superintegrable if there are 2n − 1 (classically) functionally independent second-order symmetry operators. (The 2n − 1 is the maximum possible number of such symmetries.) These systems are of considerable interest in the theory of special functions because they are multiseparable, i.e., variables separate in several coordinate sets and are explicitly solvable in terms of special functions. The interrelationships between separable solutions provides much additional information about the systems. We give an example of a superintegrable system and then present very recent results exhibiting the general structure of superintegrable systems in all real or complex two-dimensional spaces and three-dimensional conformally flat spaces and a complete list of such spaces and potentials in two dimensions.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 209-229 |

Number of pages | 21 |

Journal | Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics |

Volume | 12 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2005 |

Externally published | Yes |