‘It Depends’: Technology Use by Parent and Family Educators in the United States

Susan K. Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Using data from a national sample of parent and family educators in the US (n = 697), this comparative study examines professionals’ practices and technology-related attitudes, skill and workplace conditions. Overall, professionals report positive attitudes about the value of using technology in practice and view themselves as proficient. They most frequently use technologies like the email and document preparation software, and less frequently social media and even virtual reality. Workplace resources vary significantly, educators are not motivated by employer expectations and most report self-training as more valuable than formal sources. Mean comparisons by family educator type validate differences by context. Parenting educators, occasional family educators (e.g., teachers, counselors) and Family Life Educators vary from those in Higher Education/Administration. Those in Higher Education/Administration have more technology resources, report more positive attitudes, are more confident about their skills, and view formal technology training as useful. Conclusions suggest the need for the field of parent and family education to join other educational professions (e.g., licensed classroom teachers) to embrace technology use as a critical competency and advocate for the necessary resources in the preparation and ongoing service training of professionals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number293
JournalEducation Sciences
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: Funding for this project was provided by the Agriculture Experiment Station, USDA, and in kind support from the National Council on Family Relations and the University of Wisconsin-Extension.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Family education
  • Parenting education
  • Technology
  • Technology acceptance
  • Workplace supports


Dive into the research topics of '‘It Depends’: Technology Use by Parent and Family Educators in the United States'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this