Isosorbide Dinitrate and Hydralazine in a Fixed-Dose Combination Produces Further Regression of Left Ventricular Remodeling in a Well-Treated Black Population With Heart Failure: Results From A-HeFT

Jay N Cohn, S. William Tam, Inder Anand, Anne L. Taylor, Michael L. Sabolinski, Manuel Worcel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: Isosorbide dinitrate combined with hydralazine therapy compared with placebo in patients with heart failure resulted in a sustained increase in left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) indicative of regression of LV remodeling in the first Vasodilator-Heart Failure Trial (V-HeFT-I) in patients receiving only digoxin and diuretic. In the African-American Heart Failure Trial (A-HeFT) a fixed-dose combination resulted in a 43% reduction in mortality in 1050 black patients with heart failure already treated with recommended neurohormonal inhibiting drugs. Whether the fixed-dose combination produces a further regression of LV remodeling when added to renin-angiotensin and sympathetic inhibitors has not been documented. Methods and Results: Echocardiograms at baseline and 6 months after randomization to placebo or a fixed-dose combination of isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine (FDC I/H) were analyzed in 678 A-HeFT participants in a core laboratory. LVEF rose by 2.8 EF units in the FDC I/H group versus 0.8% in the control group (P < .01), LV mass index fell by 7.4 g/m2 in the FDC I/H group versus an increase of 1.4 g/m2 in the placebo group (P < .05), LV diastolic transverse diameter fell by 2.2 mm in FDC I/H and was unchanged in placebo (P < .01), and the LV systolic and diastolic sphericity indices improved in the FDC I/H group but remained unchanged in the placebo group. The mean plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) also measured in a core laboratory fell in the FDC I/H group by 39 pg/mL compared with 8 pg/mL in the placebo group (P = .05). Conclusions: A fixed-dose combination of I/H produces regression of LV remodeling when added to background therapy with renin-angiotensin and sympathetic inhibitors in black patients with heart failure. This remodeling benefit may explain at least in part the mortality reduction in A-HeFT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-339
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cardiac Failure
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2007

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Isosorbide Dinitrate
Hydralazine
Ventricular Remodeling
Heart Failure
Placebos
Population
Angiotensins
Renin
Mortality
Brain Natriuretic Peptide
Digoxin
Random Allocation
Vasodilator Agents
Diuretics
African Americans
Stroke Volume
isosorbide-hydralazine combination
Control Groups
Therapeutics
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Echocardiography
  • heart failure
  • mortality
  • nitric oxide
  • remodeling

Cite this

Isosorbide Dinitrate and Hydralazine in a Fixed-Dose Combination Produces Further Regression of Left Ventricular Remodeling in a Well-Treated Black Population With Heart Failure : Results From A-HeFT. / Cohn, Jay N; Tam, S. William; Anand, Inder; Taylor, Anne L.; Sabolinski, Michael L.; Worcel, Manuel.

In: Journal of Cardiac Failure, Vol. 13, No. 5, 01.06.2007, p. 331-339.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Isosorbide dinitrate combined with hydralazine therapy compared with placebo in patients with heart failure resulted in a sustained increase in left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) indicative of regression of LV remodeling in the first Vasodilator-Heart Failure Trial (V-HeFT-I) in patients receiving only digoxin and diuretic. In the African-American Heart Failure Trial (A-HeFT) a fixed-dose combination resulted in a 43{\%} reduction in mortality in 1050 black patients with heart failure already treated with recommended neurohormonal inhibiting drugs. Whether the fixed-dose combination produces a further regression of LV remodeling when added to renin-angiotensin and sympathetic inhibitors has not been documented. Methods and Results: Echocardiograms at baseline and 6 months after randomization to placebo or a fixed-dose combination of isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine (FDC I/H) were analyzed in 678 A-HeFT participants in a core laboratory. LVEF rose by 2.8 EF units in the FDC I/H group versus 0.8{\%} in the control group (P < .01), LV mass index fell by 7.4 g/m2 in the FDC I/H group versus an increase of 1.4 g/m2 in the placebo group (P < .05), LV diastolic transverse diameter fell by 2.2 mm in FDC I/H and was unchanged in placebo (P < .01), and the LV systolic and diastolic sphericity indices improved in the FDC I/H group but remained unchanged in the placebo group. The mean plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) also measured in a core laboratory fell in the FDC I/H group by 39 pg/mL compared with 8 pg/mL in the placebo group (P = .05). Conclusions: A fixed-dose combination of I/H produces regression of LV remodeling when added to background therapy with renin-angiotensin and sympathetic inhibitors in black patients with heart failure. This remodeling benefit may explain at least in part the mortality reduction in A-HeFT.",
keywords = "Echocardiography, heart failure, mortality, nitric oxide, remodeling",
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T1 - Isosorbide Dinitrate and Hydralazine in a Fixed-Dose Combination Produces Further Regression of Left Ventricular Remodeling in a Well-Treated Black Population With Heart Failure

T2 - Results From A-HeFT

AU - Cohn, Jay N

AU - Tam, S. William

AU - Anand, Inder

AU - Taylor, Anne L.

AU - Sabolinski, Michael L.

AU - Worcel, Manuel

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N2 - Background: Isosorbide dinitrate combined with hydralazine therapy compared with placebo in patients with heart failure resulted in a sustained increase in left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) indicative of regression of LV remodeling in the first Vasodilator-Heart Failure Trial (V-HeFT-I) in patients receiving only digoxin and diuretic. In the African-American Heart Failure Trial (A-HeFT) a fixed-dose combination resulted in a 43% reduction in mortality in 1050 black patients with heart failure already treated with recommended neurohormonal inhibiting drugs. Whether the fixed-dose combination produces a further regression of LV remodeling when added to renin-angiotensin and sympathetic inhibitors has not been documented. Methods and Results: Echocardiograms at baseline and 6 months after randomization to placebo or a fixed-dose combination of isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine (FDC I/H) were analyzed in 678 A-HeFT participants in a core laboratory. LVEF rose by 2.8 EF units in the FDC I/H group versus 0.8% in the control group (P < .01), LV mass index fell by 7.4 g/m2 in the FDC I/H group versus an increase of 1.4 g/m2 in the placebo group (P < .05), LV diastolic transverse diameter fell by 2.2 mm in FDC I/H and was unchanged in placebo (P < .01), and the LV systolic and diastolic sphericity indices improved in the FDC I/H group but remained unchanged in the placebo group. The mean plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) also measured in a core laboratory fell in the FDC I/H group by 39 pg/mL compared with 8 pg/mL in the placebo group (P = .05). Conclusions: A fixed-dose combination of I/H produces regression of LV remodeling when added to background therapy with renin-angiotensin and sympathetic inhibitors in black patients with heart failure. This remodeling benefit may explain at least in part the mortality reduction in A-HeFT.

AB - Background: Isosorbide dinitrate combined with hydralazine therapy compared with placebo in patients with heart failure resulted in a sustained increase in left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) indicative of regression of LV remodeling in the first Vasodilator-Heart Failure Trial (V-HeFT-I) in patients receiving only digoxin and diuretic. In the African-American Heart Failure Trial (A-HeFT) a fixed-dose combination resulted in a 43% reduction in mortality in 1050 black patients with heart failure already treated with recommended neurohormonal inhibiting drugs. Whether the fixed-dose combination produces a further regression of LV remodeling when added to renin-angiotensin and sympathetic inhibitors has not been documented. Methods and Results: Echocardiograms at baseline and 6 months after randomization to placebo or a fixed-dose combination of isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine (FDC I/H) were analyzed in 678 A-HeFT participants in a core laboratory. LVEF rose by 2.8 EF units in the FDC I/H group versus 0.8% in the control group (P < .01), LV mass index fell by 7.4 g/m2 in the FDC I/H group versus an increase of 1.4 g/m2 in the placebo group (P < .05), LV diastolic transverse diameter fell by 2.2 mm in FDC I/H and was unchanged in placebo (P < .01), and the LV systolic and diastolic sphericity indices improved in the FDC I/H group but remained unchanged in the placebo group. The mean plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) also measured in a core laboratory fell in the FDC I/H group by 39 pg/mL compared with 8 pg/mL in the placebo group (P = .05). Conclusions: A fixed-dose combination of I/H produces regression of LV remodeling when added to background therapy with renin-angiotensin and sympathetic inhibitors in black patients with heart failure. This remodeling benefit may explain at least in part the mortality reduction in A-HeFT.

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