Isolation of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis from washed bovine ova after in vitro exposure.

R. F. Rohde, W. P. Shulaw, W. D. Hueston, S. Bech-Nielsen, G. K. Haibel, G. F. Hoffsis

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

To establish whether Mycobacterium paratuberculosis could be cultured from Dulbecco phosphate-buffered saline solution (DPBSS) and to test 3 sampling methods, DPBSS supplemented with 2% fetal bovine serum was inoculated with M paratuberculosis at concentrations of 10(4), 10(3), 10(2), 10(1), and 10(0) colony-forming units/ml. The inoculated media was sampled after mixing, after centrifugation, and after centrifugation and decontamination with 0.75% hexadecylpyridinium chloride. The samples were inoculated onto 3 slants of Herrolds egg yolk medium supplemented with sodium pyruvate and mycobactin J and 1 slant without mycobactin J. Mycobacterium paratuberculosis was isolated following all 3 sampling methods for all concentrations. Treatment with hexadecylpyridinium chloride decreased the number of colonies isolated. To test the efficacy of a 10-step wash procedure for removing M paratuberculosis from bovine ova, washed zona pellucida intact bovine ova were incubated in DPBSS supplemented with 2% fetal bovine serum containing concentrations of 10(4), 10(3), 10(2), 10(1), and 10(0) colony-forming units of M paratuberculosis/ml for 12 hours at 22 C. Ten zona pellucida intact ova were removed from each concentration and washed by passing through 10 changes of DPBSS supplemented with 15% fetal bovine serum. The media from each wash step was inoculated onto slants of Herrolds egg yolk medium. The ova were included with the tenth wash step. Mycobacterium paratuberculosis was isolated from 1 of 10 tenth-wash steps at the 10(4) concentration and 5 of 10 tenth-wash steps at 10(3).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)708-710
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume51
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1990

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