Isolation of an adenovirus and an adeno-associated virus from goat kids with enteritis

Erik J. Olson, Scott R.R. Haskell, Rodney K. Frank, Howard D. Lehmkuhl, Lea Ann Hobbs, Janet V. Warg, John G. Landgraf, Arno Wünschmann

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15 Scopus citations


A dairy goat operation in Minnesota experienced a sudden, markedly increased mortality among its neonatal goats. Approximately 60 of 130 kids (46%) died. The animals had diarrhea and dyspnea of 1-2 days duration before death. Necropsy of 4 goat kids revealed marked, acute, catarrhal enteritis and fibrinous pleuropneumonia. Mannheimia haemolytica was isolated from the lungs. Basophilic inclusion bodies filling the entire nucleus were present in enterocytes of the ileum of 3 goats. Adenoviral particles were detected in the feces by electron microscopy and adenovirus was subsequently isolated from the intestinal content together with a parvo-like virus (dependovirus). Morphology, physicochemical characteristics, and neutralization tests indicated that the adenovirus resembled ovine adenovirus-2 (OAdV-2). However, the PstI restriction endonuclease pattern produced by the goat adenovirus was distinct from that of OAdV-2. This is the first report of enteritis in goats with an adenovirus antigenically related to OAdV-2 and with a parvo-like dependovirus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)461-464
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2004


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