Isolation and characterization of corncob cellulose fibers using microwave-assisted chemical treatments

Meng Li, Yan Ling Cheng, Nan Fu, Dong Li, Benu Adhikari, Xiao Dong Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cellulose fibers were obtained from corncob by using microwave-assisted chemical treatments (microwave-assisted alkaline pretreatment and microwave-assisted bleaching). These treatments efficiently removed the hemicellulose and lignin from the original corncob and increased the cellulose fiber content. The morphology, chemical structure, degree of crystallinity and thermal degradation characteristics of the resultant cellulose fibers were studied by using field emission scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis. These microwave-assisted chemical treatments decreased the diameter of the cellulose fibers from 25-125 μm to 10-20 μm. The crystallinity of the corncob cellulose fibers increased from 32.7% to 73% due to the chemical treatments. The degradation temperature of the cellulose fibers was >260°C. The cellulose fibers obtained from these treatments can be used as biocomposites in reinforced polymer manufacturing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-436
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Food Engineering
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 by De Gruyter 2014.

Keywords

  • cellulose fibers
  • corncob
  • crystallinity
  • microwave
  • thermal degradation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Isolation and characterization of corncob cellulose fibers using microwave-assisted chemical treatments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this