Isoform-specific dynamic translocation of PKC by α1-adrenoceptor stimulation in live cells

Jin O-Uchi, Jaime Sorenson, Bong Sook Jhun, Jyotsna Mishra, Stephen Hurst, Kaleef Williams, Shey Shing Sheu, Coeli M.B. Lopes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Protein kinase C (PKC) plays key roles in the regulation of signal transduction and cellular function in various cell types. At least ten PKC isoforms have been identified and intracellular localization and trafficking of these individual isoforms are important for regulation of enzyme activity and substrate specificity. PKC can be activated downstream of Gq-protein coupled receptor (GqPCR) signaling and translocate to various cellular compartments including plasma membrane (PM). Recent reports suggested that different types of GqPCRs would activate different PKC isoforms (classic, novel and atypical PKCs) with different trafficking patterns. However, the knowledge of isoform-specific activation of PKC by each GqPCR is limited. α1-Adrenoceptor (α1-AR) is one of the GqPCRs highly expressed in the cardiovascular system. In this study, we examined the isoform-specific dynamic translocation of PKC in living HEK293T cells by α1-AR stimulation (α1-ARS). Rat PKCα, βI, βII, δ, ε and ζ fused with GFP at C-term were co-transfected with human α1A-AR into HEK293T cells. The isoform-specific dynamic translocation of PKC in living HEK293T cells by α1-ARS using phenylephrine was measured by confocal microscopy. Before stimulation, GFP-PKCs were localized at cytosolic region. α1-ARS strongly and rapidly translocated a classical PKC (cPKC), PKCα, (<30 s) to PM, with PKCα returning diffusively into the cytosol within 5 min. α1-ARS rapidly translocated other cPKCs, PKCβI and PKCβII, to the PM (<30 s), with sustained membrane localization. One novel PKC (nPKC), PKCε, but not another nPKC, PKCδ, was translocated by α1-AR stimulation to the PM (<30 s) and its membrane localization was also sustained. Finally, α1-AR stimulation did not cause a diacylglycerol-insensitive atypical PKC, PKCζ translocation. Our data suggest that PKCα, β and ε activation may underlie physiological and pathophysiological responses of α1-AR signaling for the phosphorylation of membrane-associated substrates including ion-channel and transporter proteins in the cardiovascular system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)464-470
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume465
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 25 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adrenoceptor
  • Confocal microscopy
  • G-protein coupled receptor
  • Protein kinase C
  • Signal transduction

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