Is universal access to antiretroviral drugs an emerging international norm?

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The international community appears to have embraced a new norm - that of universal access to antiretroviral drugs. The process by which this norm has found acceptance raises interesting questions about how norm entrepreneurs frame their arguments, the role of non-state actors in realizing a norm, and the importance of existent complementary norms. To understand the success of the norm of universal antiretroviral access, I examine the failure of an earlier health-related norm - that of universal primary health care. The campaign for universal antiretroviral access points to a need for a more nuanced understanding of norm evolution within the international community and a more holistic vision of which actors can facilitate the realization of a norm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-440
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of International Relations and Development
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2008


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