Is sexual maturity occurring earlier among U.S. children?

Shumei S. Sun, Christine M. Schubert, Rouhong Liang, Alex F. Roche, Howard E. Kulin, Peter A. Lee, John H Himes, William Cameron Chumlea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose: To compare the onset and completion of sexual maturation among U.S. children between 1966 and 1994. Methods: Tanner stages were from 3042 non-Hispanic white boys, 478 black boys, 2625 white girls, and 505 black girls (NHES 1966-70), from 717 Mexican-American boys and 712 Mexican-American girls (HHANES 1982-84) and from 259 non-Hispanic white boys, 411 black boys, 291 white girls, 415 black girls, 576 Mexican-American boys and 512 Mexican-American girls (NHANES III 1988-1994). Proportions of entry into a stage, probit analysis estimated medians and selected percentiles for ages at entry were calculated using SUDAAN. Results: NHANES III (1988-1994) non-Hispanic white boys entered stage 2, 3, and 4 genital development and stages 3 and 4 pubic hair earlier than NHES (1966-1970) white boys, but they entered stage 5 genital development significantly later. NHANES III (1988-1994) Mexican-American boys were in stage 2, 3 and 4 genital development earlier than HHANES (1982-1984) boys, but entry into stage 5 genital and pubic hair development was not significant. NHANES III (1988-1994) white girls entered stage 5 pubic hair later than NHES (1966-1970) white girls. NHANES III (1988-1994) Mexican-American girls entered stage 2 breast and pubic hair development earlier than HHANES (1982-1984) girls, entered stage 4 breast and pubic hair development earlier but entered stage 5 pubic hair later than the HHANES (1982-1984) girls. Conclusion: Persuasive evidence of a secular trend toward early maturation is not found between 1966 and 1994 in non-Hispanic black boys and non-Hispanic black and white girls. Some evidence of this trend is found in non-Hispanic white boys between 1966 and 1994 and in Mexican-American boys and girls between 1982 and 1994.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-355
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2005

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Nutrition Surveys
Hair
Breast
Sexual Maturation

Keywords

  • Age at onset
  • Secondary sex characteristics
  • Secular trend
  • Tanner stages

Cite this

Sun, S. S., Schubert, C. M., Liang, R., Roche, A. F., Kulin, H. E., Lee, P. A., ... Chumlea, W. C. (2005). Is sexual maturity occurring earlier among U.S. children? Journal of Adolescent Health, 37(5), 345-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.10.009

Is sexual maturity occurring earlier among U.S. children? / Sun, Shumei S.; Schubert, Christine M.; Liang, Rouhong; Roche, Alex F.; Kulin, Howard E.; Lee, Peter A.; Himes, John H; Chumlea, William Cameron.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 37, No. 5, 01.11.2005, p. 345-355.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sun, SS, Schubert, CM, Liang, R, Roche, AF, Kulin, HE, Lee, PA, Himes, JH & Chumlea, WC 2005, 'Is sexual maturity occurring earlier among U.S. children?', Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 345-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.10.009
Sun SS, Schubert CM, Liang R, Roche AF, Kulin HE, Lee PA et al. Is sexual maturity occurring earlier among U.S. children? Journal of Adolescent Health. 2005 Nov 1;37(5):345-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.10.009
Sun, Shumei S. ; Schubert, Christine M. ; Liang, Rouhong ; Roche, Alex F. ; Kulin, Howard E. ; Lee, Peter A. ; Himes, John H ; Chumlea, William Cameron. / Is sexual maturity occurring earlier among U.S. children?. In: Journal of Adolescent Health. 2005 ; Vol. 37, No. 5. pp. 345-355.
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abstract = "Purpose: To compare the onset and completion of sexual maturation among U.S. children between 1966 and 1994. Methods: Tanner stages were from 3042 non-Hispanic white boys, 478 black boys, 2625 white girls, and 505 black girls (NHES 1966-70), from 717 Mexican-American boys and 712 Mexican-American girls (HHANES 1982-84) and from 259 non-Hispanic white boys, 411 black boys, 291 white girls, 415 black girls, 576 Mexican-American boys and 512 Mexican-American girls (NHANES III 1988-1994). Proportions of entry into a stage, probit analysis estimated medians and selected percentiles for ages at entry were calculated using SUDAAN. Results: NHANES III (1988-1994) non-Hispanic white boys entered stage 2, 3, and 4 genital development and stages 3 and 4 pubic hair earlier than NHES (1966-1970) white boys, but they entered stage 5 genital development significantly later. NHANES III (1988-1994) Mexican-American boys were in stage 2, 3 and 4 genital development earlier than HHANES (1982-1984) boys, but entry into stage 5 genital and pubic hair development was not significant. NHANES III (1988-1994) white girls entered stage 5 pubic hair later than NHES (1966-1970) white girls. NHANES III (1988-1994) Mexican-American girls entered stage 2 breast and pubic hair development earlier than HHANES (1982-1984) girls, entered stage 4 breast and pubic hair development earlier but entered stage 5 pubic hair later than the HHANES (1982-1984) girls. Conclusion: Persuasive evidence of a secular trend toward early maturation is not found between 1966 and 1994 in non-Hispanic black boys and non-Hispanic black and white girls. Some evidence of this trend is found in non-Hispanic white boys between 1966 and 1994 and in Mexican-American boys and girls between 1982 and 1994.",
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AU - Sun, Shumei S.

AU - Schubert, Christine M.

AU - Liang, Rouhong

AU - Roche, Alex F.

AU - Kulin, Howard E.

AU - Lee, Peter A.

AU - Himes, John H

AU - Chumlea, William Cameron

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N2 - Purpose: To compare the onset and completion of sexual maturation among U.S. children between 1966 and 1994. Methods: Tanner stages were from 3042 non-Hispanic white boys, 478 black boys, 2625 white girls, and 505 black girls (NHES 1966-70), from 717 Mexican-American boys and 712 Mexican-American girls (HHANES 1982-84) and from 259 non-Hispanic white boys, 411 black boys, 291 white girls, 415 black girls, 576 Mexican-American boys and 512 Mexican-American girls (NHANES III 1988-1994). Proportions of entry into a stage, probit analysis estimated medians and selected percentiles for ages at entry were calculated using SUDAAN. Results: NHANES III (1988-1994) non-Hispanic white boys entered stage 2, 3, and 4 genital development and stages 3 and 4 pubic hair earlier than NHES (1966-1970) white boys, but they entered stage 5 genital development significantly later. NHANES III (1988-1994) Mexican-American boys were in stage 2, 3 and 4 genital development earlier than HHANES (1982-1984) boys, but entry into stage 5 genital and pubic hair development was not significant. NHANES III (1988-1994) white girls entered stage 5 pubic hair later than NHES (1966-1970) white girls. NHANES III (1988-1994) Mexican-American girls entered stage 2 breast and pubic hair development earlier than HHANES (1982-1984) girls, entered stage 4 breast and pubic hair development earlier but entered stage 5 pubic hair later than the HHANES (1982-1984) girls. Conclusion: Persuasive evidence of a secular trend toward early maturation is not found between 1966 and 1994 in non-Hispanic black boys and non-Hispanic black and white girls. Some evidence of this trend is found in non-Hispanic white boys between 1966 and 1994 and in Mexican-American boys and girls between 1982 and 1994.

AB - Purpose: To compare the onset and completion of sexual maturation among U.S. children between 1966 and 1994. Methods: Tanner stages were from 3042 non-Hispanic white boys, 478 black boys, 2625 white girls, and 505 black girls (NHES 1966-70), from 717 Mexican-American boys and 712 Mexican-American girls (HHANES 1982-84) and from 259 non-Hispanic white boys, 411 black boys, 291 white girls, 415 black girls, 576 Mexican-American boys and 512 Mexican-American girls (NHANES III 1988-1994). Proportions of entry into a stage, probit analysis estimated medians and selected percentiles for ages at entry were calculated using SUDAAN. Results: NHANES III (1988-1994) non-Hispanic white boys entered stage 2, 3, and 4 genital development and stages 3 and 4 pubic hair earlier than NHES (1966-1970) white boys, but they entered stage 5 genital development significantly later. NHANES III (1988-1994) Mexican-American boys were in stage 2, 3 and 4 genital development earlier than HHANES (1982-1984) boys, but entry into stage 5 genital and pubic hair development was not significant. NHANES III (1988-1994) white girls entered stage 5 pubic hair later than NHES (1966-1970) white girls. NHANES III (1988-1994) Mexican-American girls entered stage 2 breast and pubic hair development earlier than HHANES (1982-1984) girls, entered stage 4 breast and pubic hair development earlier but entered stage 5 pubic hair later than the HHANES (1982-1984) girls. Conclusion: Persuasive evidence of a secular trend toward early maturation is not found between 1966 and 1994 in non-Hispanic black boys and non-Hispanic black and white girls. Some evidence of this trend is found in non-Hispanic white boys between 1966 and 1994 and in Mexican-American boys and girls between 1982 and 1994.

KW - Age at onset

KW - Secondary sex characteristics

KW - Secular trend

KW - Tanner stages

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