The stress suppressing model proposes that sufficient resources reduce stress. The stress exposure model suggests that certain factors expose individuals to more stress. The current study tested these two models by assessing the within-person lagging effect of leisure time on perceived severity of daily stressors. Analyzing eight-day diary data (N=2,022), we found that having more leisure time than usual on a day reduced perceived severity of daily stressors the next day and that the decrease in severity became larger with further increase in leisure time. Additionally, the effect is much stronger among busy individuals who usually had little leisure time. The findings demonstrated an accelerated suppressing effect that differed between-person, and the lagging effect affords stronger implication for causality than correlational analysis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The data used in this study came from works supported by National Institutes of Health Grant Nos. P01 AG0210166-02 and R01 AG19239 and by the Research Network on Successful Midlife Development of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.
- leisure time
- stress exposure
- stress severity
- stress suppressing
- within-person lagging effect