Is inflammatory bowel disease an important risk factor among older persons with colorectal cancer in the United States? A population-based case-control study

Aasma Shaukat, Daniel J. Virnig, Nadim I. Salfiti, David H. Howard, Shanthi V. Sitaraman, Jonathan M. Liff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: While ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) are thought to predispose to colorectal cancer (CRC), the association has not been well studied in an older population. Aims: The objective of our study was to evaluate the association of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease and colorectal cancer in a population-based, case-control study. We also wished to estimate the incidence rates of colorectal cancer among older individuals with UC/CD. Methods: All cases of colorectal cancer in persons 67 and older in the SEER catchment area and in the Medicare claims database were compared with cancer-free controls residing in the same geographic area. We used multivariable logistic regression models adjusted for demographic and other factors. Results: We identified 47,543 cases of CRC and 142,273 controls. We found a modest association between UC and CRC (OR 1.93; 95% CI 1.54-2.49; P-value < 0.001) and a significant, albeit modest, association between CD and CRC (OR 1.45; 95% CI 1.08-1.91; P-value 0.01). We found the incidence of CRC to be 8.2 per 10,000 person-years (95% CI 6.5-10.1/10,000 person-years) among those with UC/CD, and 6.1 per 10,000 person-years (95% CI 4.6-7.8/10,000 person-years) among those without UC/CD, resulting in an incidence rate ratio of 1.34. Conclusions: Among older persons ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are modest risk factors for CRC, and the incidence rate ratio for CRC is modest, suggesting that risk of CRC in patients with IBD may be lower than previously thought.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2378-2383
Number of pages6
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Volume56
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Ulcerative colitis

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