Is free basic education in Egypt a reality or a myth?

Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Egypt has made enormous progress in increasing access to education. While school is theoretically free, families must often spend substantial sums in order for their children to succeed in school. The question that this paper investigates is whether students can succeed in Egypt's basic education system, regardless of their family circumstances, and without additional spending. The paper begins by examining inequality in completing basic education and then investigates the use of supplements, such as private tutoring. Outcomes are examined by socio-economic status, to illustrate how the need to supplement publicly provided basic education contributes to unequal opportunities for young Egyptians.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)16-30
    Number of pages15
    JournalInternational Journal of Educational Development
    Volume45
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

    Fingerprint

    basic education
    Egypt
    myth
    education
    supplement
    school
    education system
    student
    economics
    family

    Keywords

    • Basic education
    • Education policy
    • Education quality
    • Inequality
    • Private tutoring
    • Public education

    Cite this

    Is free basic education in Egypt a reality or a myth? / Assaad, Ragui; Krafft, Caroline.

    In: International Journal of Educational Development, Vol. 45, 01.11.2015, p. 16-30.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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