Iron pnictides and chalcogenides: a new paradigm for superconductivity

Rafael M. Fernandes, Amalia I. Coldea, Hong Ding, Ian R. Fisher, P. J. Hirschfeld, Gabriel Kotliar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations

Abstract

Superconductivity is a remarkably widespread phenomenon that is observed in most metals cooled to very low temperatures. The ubiquity of such conventional superconductors, and the wide range of associated critical temperatures, is readily understood in terms of the well-known Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer theory. Occasionally, however, unconventional superconductors are found, such as the iron-based materials, which extend and defy this understanding in unexpected ways. In the case of the iron-based superconductors, this includes the different ways in which the presence of multiple atomic orbitals can manifest in unconventional superconductivity, giving rise to a rich landscape of gap structures that share the same dominant pairing mechanism. In addition, these materials have also led to insights into the unusual metallic state governed by the Hund’s interaction, the control and mechanisms of electronic nematicity, the impact of magnetic fluctuations and quantum criticality, and the importance of topology in correlated states. Over the fourteen years since their discovery, iron-based superconductors have proven to be a testing ground for the development of novel experimental tools and theoretical approaches, both of which have extensively influenced the wider field of quantum materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-44
Number of pages10
JournalNature
Volume601
Issue number7891
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 6 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.

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