Iron Deficiency in International Adoptees from Eastern Europe

Anita J. Fuglestad, Ashton E. Lehmann, Maria G. Kroupina, Anna Petryk, Bradley S. Miller, Sandra L. Iverson, Dana E. Johnson, Michael K. Georgieff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Objective: To assess iron deficiency (ID) in international adoptees after adoption. Study design: Participants (n = 37) were adopted into the United States from Eastern Europe before they were 24 months of age. Baseline (within 1 month post-adoption) and follow-up (6 months post-adoption) assessments included routine post-adoption clinical evaluations, anthropometrics, dietary intakes, and iron measures (hemogram and serum analysis). Results: At adoption and follow-up, mean percent transferrin saturation and mean corpucuscular volume were low compared with the US population. Mean serum ferritin concentration became lower than the US population at follow-up, although the mean daily iron intake was more than the Recommended Dietary Allowance. Participants with Giardia lamblia at baseline had more compromised iron status at baseline and follow-up. Growth rate (change in z-score/months between assessments) was negatively correlated with change in serum ferritin concentrations between baseline and follow-up (r = -0.34; P < .05). Conclusions: International adoptees had compromised iron status, with ID more prevalent in participants with G lamblia, a parasite that may interfere with iron absorption. The persistent ID at follow-up was likely caused by the erythropoietic demands of catch-up growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-277
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported in part by a grant from the Genentech Center for Clinical Research in Endocrinology to Dr Petryk and in part by a grant (M01-RR00400) from the National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health, to the General Clinical Research Center at the University of Minnesota.


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