Iron-catalyzed olefin epoxidation and Cis-dihydroxylation by tetraalkylcyclam complexes: The importance of Cis-labile sites

Yan Feng, Jason England, Larry Que

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

[Fe(Me2EBC)(OTf)2], the iron(II) complex of the tetraazamacrocyclic Me2EBC ligand (Me2EBC = 4,11-dimethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazabicyclo [6.6.2]hexadecane), has been investigated as a catalyst for olefin oxidation by H2O2 and compared to the closely related [Fe(TMC)(OTf)](OTf) complex (TMC = 1,4,8,11-tetramethyl- 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane). Both complexes have tetraazamacrocyclic ligands based on cyclam that differ in how they coordinate to the iron center. This difference results in different orientations of their remaining coordination sites. Whereas the two sites on [Fe(Me2EBC)(OTf) 2] are cis to each other, those of [Fe(TMC)(OTf)](OTf) are trans. Previous work on olefin oxidation by several nonheme iron catalysts has emphasized the importance of having two cis-labile sites to activate the H 2O2 oxidant, particularly in effecting olefin cis-dihydroxylation, but there were differences in the ligand donor properties in the complexes studied. The fact that TMC and Me2EBC provide essentially identical tertiary amine donors, but in different orientations, provides an excellent opportunity to assess the impact of ligand topology upon reactivity in the absence of other complicating factors. Indeed [Fe(Me 2EBC)(OTf)2] was found to be an active catalyst with reactivity properties similar to those of the most thoroughly investigated iron catalyst [Fe(TPA)(OTf)2] (TPA = tris(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)amine). In contrast, [Fe(TMC)(OTf)](OTf) only showed a limited ability for epoxidation and no facility for cis-dihydroxylation. This stark difference irrefutably demonstrates that cis-oriented labile sites are a fundamental requirement for successful nonheme iron catalyzed olefin oxidation. Additionally, mechanistic studies of [Fe(Me2EBC)(OTf)2] lead us to forward a similar FeIII/FeV redox cycle as proposed for [Fe(TPA)(OTf) 2].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1035-1042
Number of pages8
JournalACS Catalysis
Volume1
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2 2011

Keywords

  • cis-dihydroxylation
  • cyclam
  • nonheme iron
  • olefin epoxidation

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