Ionizing radiation decreases capillary-like structure formation by endothelial cells in vitro

Mansur Ahmad, Neerja R. Khurana, Joby E. Jaberi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

For successful tissue engineering in surgical radiotherapy patients, irradiated endothelial cells (EC) must form new blood vessels to nourish and build connections with the engineered segment. Therefore, it is critical to understand neovasculogenesis by irradiated EC. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of ionizing radiation on endothelial cell proliferation and capillary-like structures (CLS) formation. Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVEC) were irradiated with single or fractionated doses of radiation. Proliferation was determined by counting cells. CLS morphology was analyzed from photomicrographs. A single dose of 8 Gy radiation was highly lethal to HUVEC compared to lower dosage. A single dose had more of an inhibitory effect on cell proliferation compared to the same dose delivered in a fractionated manner. CLS formation began after cells reached confluency. To form a CLS, a single cell expanded, and a number of cells rearranged around its periphery in an oval fashion (mimicking a vessel wall). The central cell later disintegrated leaving a void, mimicking the lumen. Irradiated EC can form CLS, although they are fewer and smaller compared to those by sham cells. By disrupting the peripheral cells, ≥ 4 Gy doses significantly reduced the number of CLS. The disruptive affect was seen more with large CLS compared to small CLS. At different doses, the shapes of CLS were not significantly different.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-19
Number of pages6
JournalMicrovascular Research
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The study was funded by a Seed Grant from Academic Health Center, University of Minnesota.

Keywords

  • Capillary-like structure formation
  • Endothelial cells
  • HUVEC
  • Radiation
  • Tissue engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ionizing radiation decreases capillary-like structure formation by endothelial cells in vitro'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this