Abstract: Chronic etorphine treatment of neuroblastoma × glioma NG108‐15 cells results in both an increase in adenylate cyclase activity (upon addition of the opiate antagonist naloxone) as well as an homologous desensitization of the opiate receptor. The continued ability of opiate agonists to regulate adenylate cyclase activity following opiate receptor desensitization can be understood by proposing that the catalytic subunit of adenylate cyclase in NG108‐15 cells is under tonic regulation by both guanine nucleotide regulatory (Ni) and stimulatory (Ns) components. Inactivation of Ni by pertussis toxin (PT) treatment resulted in elevated adenylate cyclase activities comparable to those observed in control cells following chronic opiate treatment. This increased enzymatic activity could not be further induced by PT treatment of cells exposed to opiate previously. In addition, procedures that prevented receptor‐mediated activation of Ns, i.e., treatment with NaF or desensitization of the stimulatory receptors (prostaglandin E1, adenosine) eliminated the increase in adenylate cyclase activity induced by naloxone following chronic opiate exposure. Hence, the increase in enzymatic activity observed following chronic opiate treatment may be due to a loss in tonic inhibitory regulation of adenylate cyclase mediated through Ni resulting in the unimpeded expression of Ns activity. This tonic inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity is one of the multiple mechanisms by which Ni regulates adenylate cyclase in this cell line.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Neurochemistry|
|State||Published - Nov 1985|
- Chronic opiate
- NG108‐15 cells