Investigation of predictors influencing patient-pharmacist relationship establishment

Olajide A. Adekunle, Anthony W Olson, Jon C. Schommer, Lawrence M. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: A strong patient-pharmacist relationship is tied to patients’ trust and confidence in pharmacists and pharmacy services. While past research has described patient-pharmacist relationship archetypes (i.e., “customer,” “client,” “partner”) with potential to help pharmacists initially understand patients’ preferences and expectations of care and services, little is known about potential factors that underlie these preferences and expectations. Objectives: This study was aimed to [1] compare the prevalence of the current and desired patient-pharmacist relationships archetypes reported by patients and [2] identify the sociodemographic, health, and medication use and procurement factors predictive of the archetypes representing patients’ current relationship with outpatient pharmacists. Methods: Data from 1521 patients were collected via the 2021 National Consumer Survey on Medication Experience and Pharmacists' Role. Patient-pharmacist relationship distribution across patients’ sociodemographic characteristics was explored using crosstabulations. Multinomial logistic regression was also used to investigate the association between patient sociodemographic characteristics and the current patient-pharmacist archetype relationships. Results: The mean age of the patients was 53.9 years and 57.3% were married. Thirty-two percent of the patients reported currently having a “Customer” relationship, while 17.9% and 15.2% reported having a “Client” and “Partner” archetype relationship, respectively. “Client” (25.2%) and “Partner” (20.2%) relationships were the most commonly preferred archetypal relationships. The odds ratios (OR) of having “Client” or “Partner” relationships increased with the number of patients’ health conditions and medications. Patients who visited independently owned and clinic pharmacies had a higher OR of building professional relationships with a pharmacist. Conclusion: The qualities of a patient-pharmacist relationship may be associated with key patient characteristics. Pharmacists can build relationships with patients informed by a continuum of patient preferences, expectations, and needs to optimize health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)853-862
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Pharmacists Association
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: Funding was provided by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy New Investigator Program, the University of Minnesota Grant-in-Aid of Research Program, the Peters Endowment for Pharmacy Practice Innovation, the Chapman University Research Program, and the University of Minnesota Research Program.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Pharmacists Association®

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


Dive into the research topics of 'Investigation of predictors influencing patient-pharmacist relationship establishment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this