Investigation of factors influencing production of the monocyclic carotenoid torulene in metabolically engineered Escherichia coli

Pyung Cheon Lee, Benjamin N. Mijts, Claudia Schmidt-Dannert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Factors influencing production of the monocyclic carotenoid torulene in recombinant Escherichia coli were investigated by modulating enzyme expression level, culture conditions, and engineering of the isoprenoid precursor pathway. The gene dosage of in vitro evolved lycopene cyclase crtY2 significantly changed the carotenoid profile. A culture temperature of 28°C showed better production of torulene than 37°C while initial culture pH had no significant effect on torulene production. Glucose-containing LB, 2xYT, TB and MR media significantly repressed the production of torulene, and the other carotenoids lycopene, tetradehydrolycopene, and β-carotene, in E. coli. In contrast, glycerol-containing LB, 2xYT, TB, and MR media enhanced torulene production. Over-expression of dxs, dxr, idi and/or ispA, individually and combinatorially, enhanced torulene production up to 3.1-3.3 fold. High torulene production was observed in a high dissolved oxygen level bioreactor in TB and MR media containing glycerol. Lycopene was efficiently converted into torulene during aerobic cultures, indicating that the engineered torulene synthesis pathway is well coordinated, and maintains the functionality and integrity of the carotenogenic enzyme complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)538-546
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume65
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2004

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