Investigating the associations among drug dependents’ family function and exercise attitudes: Marital status differences

Jianing Liu, Daniel J. McDonough, Yingying Wang, Yu Zhou, Zan Gao, Chenglin Zhou

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This paper examines: (1) The demographic characteristics of different marital statuses of drug dependents; (2) differences in exercise attitudes and family function by marital status; and (3) if family function factors correlated with exercise attitudes and if exercise attitude factors correlated with family function. Multivariate analyses of variance (MANOVAs) revealed significant differences in drug dependents' exercise attitudes between married and single groups ( p < 0.05) and the married and "other" groups ( p < 0.01). Furthermore, we observed significant differences in drug dependents' family function between married and single groups ( p < 0.01) and married and other groups ( p < 0.05). Regression analyses indicated that communication [F change(1,1791) = 137.819; p < 0.001] was a significant positive predictor for drug dependents' exercise attitude, accounting for 7.1% of the observed variance. Moreover, 50% of the variance was explained by willingness [F change(1,1791) = 850.49, p < 0.001] and control [F change(1,1790) = 141.415, p < 0.001], which were two significant predictors of drug dependents' family function. Findings of this study were: (1) Exercise attitude and family function of married drug dependents were better than single drug dependents and other marital status addicts; (2) communication was observed as a factor of family function that correlated with exercise attitude; and (3) willingness was related with family function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8111
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 3 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by the National Social Science Foundation of China (grant number 17ZDA330) and by the China Scholarship Council “Visiting PhD. Student Program” (grant number 201908310141).


  • Behavior control
  • Drug addiction
  • Drug dependence
  • Drug rehabilitation
  • Physical activity and exercise


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