Investigating strategies to increase general education teachers' adherence to evidence-based social-emotional behavior practices: A meta-analysis of the single-case literature

James L. Merle, Andrew J. Thayer, Madeline F. Larson, Sydney Pauling, Clayton R. Cook, Joseph A. Rios, Jenna L. McGinnis, Margaret M. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Educational researchers have produced a variety of evidence-based practices (EBP) to address social, emotional, and behavioral (SEB) needs among students. Yet, these practices are often insufficiently adopted and implemented with fidelity by teachers to produce the beneficial outcomes associated with the EBP, leaving students at risk for developing SEB problems. If ignored, SEB problems can lead to other negative outcomes, such as academic failure. Therefore, implementation strategies (i.e., methods and procedures designed to promote implementation outcomes) are needed to improve teachers' uptake and delivery of EBPs with fidelity. This meta-analysis sought to examine the types and magnitude of effect of implementation strategies that have been designed and tested to improve teacher adherence to SEB EBPs. Included studies (a) used single case experimental designs, (b) employed at least one implementation strategy, (c) targeted general education teachers, and (d) evaluated adherence as a core dimension of fidelity related to the delivery of EBPs. In total, this study included 28 articles and evaluated 122 effect sizes. A total of 15 unique implementation strategies were categorized. Results indicated that, on average, implementation strategies were associated with increases in teacher adherence to EBPs above baseline and group-based pre-implementation trainings alone (g = 2.32, tau = 0.77). Moderator analysis also indicated that larger effects were associated with implementation strategies that used a greater number of unique behavior change techniques (p < .001). Implications and future directions for research and practice regarding use of implementation strategies for general education teachers are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-26
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of school psychology
Volume91
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021

Keywords

  • Behavior change
  • Implementation strategies
  • Mechanism
  • School-based
  • Single case
  • meta-analysis

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Meta-Analysis

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