Introduction to echocardiography

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Advances in ultrasound technology in the last 30 years have allowed transthoracic echocardiography to become the primary technique for noninvasive assessment of cardiac structure and function in patients with congenital and acquired heart disease. Advanced ultrasound techniques, including transesophageal echocardiography and intravascular ultrasound, are widely used and can refine imaging and improve outcomes during invasive cardiac procedures. Better resolution and advanced Doppler techniques have allowed more accurate diagnoses and improved monitoring of pathologic conditions, and provide tools to study embryonic and fetal cardiac development. Finally, ultrasound technologies play an important role in cardiovascular research as well and are currently applied to research in physiology, molecular biology, vascular and cardiac regeneration, and stem cell therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Cardiac Anatomy, Physiology, and Devices, Third Edition
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9783319194646
ISBN (Print)9783319194639
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.


  • Cardiac development
  • Cardiac function
  • Cardiac ultrasound
  • Doppler
  • Echocardiography
  • Ejection fraction
  • Fetal echocardiography


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