Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is an inherited metabolic disorder caused by deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA), resulting in accumulation of heparan and dermatan sulfate glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Individuals with the most severe form of the disease (Hurler syndrome) suffer from neurodegeneration, intellectual disability, and death by age 10. Current treatments for this disease include allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). However, these treatments do not address CNS manifestations of the disease. In this study we compared the ability of intravenously administered AAV serotypes 9 and rh10 (AAV9 and AAVrh10) for delivery and expression of the IDUA gene in the CNS. Adult C57BL/6 MPS I mice were infused intravenously with either AAV9 or AAVrh10 vector encoding the human IDUA gene. Treated animals demonstrated supraphysiological levels and widespread restoration of IDUA enzyme activity in the plasma and all organs including the CNS. High levels of IDUA enzyme activity were observed in the plasma, brain and spinal cord ranging from 10 to 100-fold higher than heterozygote controls, while levels in peripheral organs were also high, ranging from 1000 to 10,000-fold higher than control animals. In general, levels of IDUA expression were slightly higher in peripheral organs for AAVrh10 administered animals although these differences were not significant except for the lung. Levels of IDUA expression between AAV 9 and rh10 were roughly equivalent in the brain. Urinary and tissue GAGs were significantly reduced starting at 3 weeks after vector infusion, with restoration of normal GAG levels by the end of the study in animals treated with either AAV9 or rh10. These results demonstrate that non-invasive intravenous AAV9 or AAVrh10-mediated IDUA gene therapy is a potentially effective treatment for both systemic and CNS manifestations of MPS I, with implications for the treatment of other metabolic and neurological diseases as well.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was funded by NIH grant P01 HD032652 to the University of Minnesota and NIH grant R41 DK094538 to REGENXBIO Corporation.
© 2020 The Authors
- Gene therapy
- Iduronidase (IDUA)
- Intravenous delivery
- Mucopolysaccharidosis Type I (MPS I)
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article