Schwannomas are benign nerve sheath neoplasms composed almost entirely of Schwann cells. These tumors most often arise in the soft tissues of the head and neck. However, they seldom occur within bone. This article presents a rare case of a recurrent intraosseous schwannoma of the anterior mandible and another case of a posterior intraosseous mandibular schwannoma accessed through a sagittal split ramus osteotomy. Furthermore, an updated review of the literature on intraosseous schwannomas affecting the mandible and maxilla is provided.
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© 2018 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons