Intradermal hypertonic saline-induced behavior as a nociceptive test in mice

A. Sutaeg Hwang, George L. Wilcox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


We report a nociceptive test involving peripheral irratation which produces behavior similar to that elicited by intrathecally injected substance P. Intradermal hypertonic saline injected to the lower abdominal area produced quantifiable behavior in mice. The behavior consisted of licking, biting and scratching directed to the location of i.d. injection, and was dose-dependent with respect to the concentration and volume of saline. Intrathecally administered (D-Pro2, D-Trp7,9)-SP, a substance P antagonist, dose-dependently blocked the behaviors induced by intrathecally administered substance P as well as those induced by intradermally injected hypertonic saline, indicating a possibly common final pathway at the spinal cord level for the manifestation of both behaviors. Hypertonic saline-induced behavior was blocked completely by morphine and a partial opiate agonist (pentazocine) in a dose-dependent manner, but was not blocked by another partial opiate agonist (nalorphine). The behavior was not blocked by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents. This nociceptive test, in conjunction with the substance P-induced behavior test, may allow discrimination between agents acting pre- or post-synaptically in the spinal cord. Baclofen, a GABAB agonist thought to act presynaptically, changed substance P-induced behavior and hypertonic saline-induced behavior in opposite directions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2389-2396
Number of pages8
JournalLife Sciences
Issue number26
StatePublished - Jun 30 1986

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by NIDA grant DA-01933-04 and by a grant from Procter and Gamble Company.


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