Intracerebral infusion of the bispecific targeted toxin DTATEGF in a mouse xenograft model of a human metastatic non-small cell lung cancer

Jun Huang, Yan Michael Li, Joan Massague, Andy Sicheneder, Daniel A. Vallera, Walter A. Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The aim of this study is to investigate the anticancer effect of the bispecific diphtheria toxin (DT) based immunotoxin DTATEGF, which targets both the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR) and the urokinasetype plasminogen activator (uPA) receptor (uPAR) in vitro and in vivo when delivered by convection-enhanced delivery (CED) via an osmotic minipump in a human metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) brain tumor mouse xenograft model. The effects of the bispecific immunotoxin DTATEGF, and monospecific DTAT, DTEGF and control DT at various concentrations were tested for their ability to inhibit the proliferation of human metastatic NSCLC PC9-BrM3 cells in vitro by MTT assay. A xenograft model of human metastatic NSCLC intracranial model was established in nude mice using the human NSCLC PC9-BrM3 cell line genetically marked with a firefly luciferase reporter gene. One microgram of DTATEGF in the treatment group or control DT in the control group was delivered intracranially by CED via an osmotic minipump. The bioluminescent imaging (BLI) was performed at day 7, 14, 1 month, 2 months, and 3 months. Kaplan-Meier survival curves for the two groups were generated. The brain tissue samples were stained by hematoxylin and eosin for histopathological assessment. In vitro, DTATEGF could selectively kill PC9-BrM3 cells and showed an IC50 less than 0.001 nM, representing a more than 100- to 1000-fold increase in activity as compared to monospecific DTAT and DTEGF. In vivo, mice with tumors were treated intracranially with drug via CED where the results showed the treatment was successful in providing a survival benefit with the median survival of mice treated with DTATEGF being significantly prolonged relative to controls (87 vs. 63 days, P = 0.006). The results of these experiments indicate that DTATEGF kills the NSCLC PC9-BrM3 cell line in vitro, and when it is delivered via CED intracranially, it is highly efficacious against metastatic NSCLC brain tumors. DTATEGF is a safe and effective drug where further preclinical and clinical development is warranted for the management of metastatic brain tumors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-238
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of neuro-oncology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 2012


  • Convection-enhanced delivery
  • Immunotoxin
  • Metastatic brain tumors
  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Targeted therapy
  • Xenograft model


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