Intra-operative MR-guided DBS implantation for treating PD and ET

H. Liu, R. E. Maxwell, Chip Truwit

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Deep brain stimulator (DBS) implantation is a promising treatment alternative for suppressing the motor tremor symptoms in Parkinson disease (PD) patient. The main objective is to develop a minimally invasive approach using high spatial resolution and soft-tissue contrast MR imaging techniques to guide the surgical placement of DBS. In the MR-guided procedure, the high spatial resolution MR images were obtained intra-operatively and used to target stereotactically a specific deep brain location. The neurosurgery for craniotomy was performed in the front of the magnet outside of the 10 Gauss line. Aided with positional registration assembly for the stereotactic headframe, the target location (VIM or GPi or STN) in deep brain areas was identified and measured from the MR images in reference to the markers in the calibration assembly of the headframe before the burrhole prep. In 20 patients, MR-guided DBS implantations have been performed according to the new methodology. MR-guided DBS implantation at high magnetic field strength has been shown to be feasible and desirable. In addition to the improved outcome, this offers a new surgical approach in which intra-operative visualization is possible during intervention, and any complications such as bleeding can be assessed in situ immediately prior to dural closure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-276
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume4319
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
EventMedical Imaging 2001: Visualization, Display, and Image-Guided Procedures - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 18 2001Feb 20 2001

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