Intestinal radioprotection by vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)

Isaac Felemovicius, Margaret E. Bonsack, Michael L. Baptista, John P Delaney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The major objective of this study was to test vitamin E as a potential radioprotectant for the small bowel of the rat. Summary Background Data: Vitamin E has previously been shown to provide radioprotection in animal models: increased survival after whole-body irradiation, diminished absorptive malfunction, and modest diminution in postirradiation hemolysis. The lumenal route for intestinal radioprotection has not been tested. Methods: Rat mid-small bower was surgically exteriorized and segmented by ties into compartments, each of which was filled with a test solution 30 minutes before 1100 cGy of x-irradiation was administered. After the rats were killed 5 days later, the various segments were evaluated for surviving crypts, mucosal height, and goblet cell preservation. Lumenal agents included alpha-tocopherol phosphate and alpha tocopherol acetate. In a separate study, dietary supplements of alpha-tocopherol were given for 10 days before irradiation, and the same irradiation sequence was carried out. Results: Small bower crypt cell numbers, mucosal height, and goblet cell numbers were significantly protected from radiation effects by dietary alpha tocopherol pretreatment and by lumenal application of the vitamin. Conclusions: These studies indicate that vitamin E can serve as a partial protectant against acute irradiation enteritis, whether given as chronic oral systemic pretreatment or as a brief topical application.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)504-510
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume222
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1995

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