Intestinal mucosa in diabetic rats: Studies of microvillus membrane composition and microviscosity

Glenn R. Gourley, Helen A. Korsmo, Ward A. Olsen

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In experimental diabetes, a number of intestinal brush-border hydrolases and transport systems are stimulated. In this study, we assessed possible effects of diabetes on the composition and membrane fluidity of rat intestinal brush-border membranes that might correlate with these functional changes. We found similar proportions of lipid and protein in the diabetic and control preparations, although there was a considerable increase in total membrane from the diabetic rats, presumably reflecting mucosal hyperplasia. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of membrane protein revealed an increase in the bands corresponding to sucrase-isomaltase, consistent with an increased enzyme activity of sucrase. Membrane lipid analysis revealed only a decrease in fatty acids of the neurtral lipid fraction of diabetics-a change that may well have occurred during membrane preparation. 1-6-Diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene fluorescence polarization data, obtained as a function of temperature, was similar for the diabetic and control rats, with a three-phase linear model superior to one- and two-phase linear or quadratic models. The overall composition of the intestinal brush-border membrane, unlike other plasma membranes, appears little affected by experimental diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1053-1058
Number of pages6
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1983

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