Introduction The opening of the Chinese economy in 1978 by Deng Xiaoping ushered in an era of significant economic growth (Chow 1993). During the following thirty years, gross domestic production expanded, the manufacturing sector grew, and exports to the outside world skyrocketed. Much of this dramatic growth has been attributed to capital accumulation and productivity increases (Chow and Li 2002). Yet, the period also represented a significant shift in national policies toward growth tempered by attention to social equity (Friedman 2006). This shift under the Hu Jintao–Wen Jiabao leadership is commonly referred to as promotion of a “harmonious society.” Figure 12.1 shows the significant advances of the Chinese economy over the thirty-year period. Annual average gross domestic product (GDP) growth during the period from 1978 to 2007 was 9.74 percent. By way of comparison, annual GDP growth in the United States during the same period was only 3.3 percent (Myers forthcoming). One clear indicator of the slowing of the Chinese economy occurred during the 1992–1999 period. Figure 12.1 shows a growth rate of almost 15 percent in 1992, followed by a sharp decline in the ensuing years and only a little more than 7 percent in 1999.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Rising Inequality in China|
|Subtitle of host publication||Challenges to a Harmonious Society|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press|
|Number of pages||31|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2011|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© Cambridge University Press 2013.