Interrogating the treadmill of production: Everything you wanted to know about the treadmill but were afraid to ask

Kenneth A. Gould, David N. Pellow, Allan Schnaiberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

177 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article is structured to answer a number of questions that have been raised over the years about the origin, structure, and application of the treadmill of production theory. The following questions are addressed: What was the theoretical structure of the treadmill of production? Why does the theory focus on production rather than consumption? Was the treadmill a dialectical or a linear change theory? How has the treadmill theory changed under the growing globalization of production since 1980? Has the treadmill been evaluated empirically? What forces have limited the diffusion of the treadmill in environmental sociology? Is the treadmill more/still useful today for ecological analyses? For social analyses?

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)296-316
Number of pages21
JournalOrganization and Environment
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

Keywords

  • Consumption
  • Ecological modernization
  • Environmental sociology
  • Production
  • Social movements

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