Interprofessional Collaboration to Improve Discharge from Skilled Nursing Facility to Home

Preliminary Data on Postdischarge Hospitalizations and Emergency Department Visits

Shannon Reidt, Haley S. Holtan, Tom A Larson, Bruce Thompson, Lawrence J. Kerzner, Toni M. Salvatore, Terrence J Adam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An interprofessional collaborative practice model was established at Hennepin County Medical Center to improve discharge management from the transitional care unit of the skilled nursing facility (SNF) to home. The practice model involves a geriatrician, nurse practitioner, and pharmacist who care for individuals at a community-based SNF. Before SNF discharge, the pharmacist conducts a chart and in-person medication review and collaborates with the nurse practitioner to determine the discharge medication regimen. The pharmacist's review focuses on assessing the indication, safety, effectiveness, and convenience of medications. The pharmacist provides follow-up in-home or over the telephone 1 week after SNF discharge, focusing on reviewing medications and assessing adherence. Hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits 30 days after SNF discharge of individuals who received care from this model was compared with those of individuals who received usual care from a nurse practitioner and geriatrician. From October 2012 through December 2013, the intervention was delivered to 87 individuals, with 189 individuals serving as the control group. After adjusting for age, sex, race, and payor, those receiving the intervention had a lower risk of ED visits (odds ratio (OR) = 0.46, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.22–0.97), although there was no significant difference in hospitalizations (OR = 0.47, 95% CI = 0.21–1.08). The study suggests that an interprofessional approach involving a pharmacist may be beneficial in reducing ED visits 30 days after SNF discharge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1895-1899
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume64
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

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Skilled Nursing Facilities
Hospital Emergency Service
Pharmacists
Hospitalization
Nurse Practitioners
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Medication Adherence
Telephone
Safety
Control Groups

Keywords

  • medication-related problem
  • skilled nursing facility
  • transitions of care

Cite this

Interprofessional Collaboration to Improve Discharge from Skilled Nursing Facility to Home : Preliminary Data on Postdischarge Hospitalizations and Emergency Department Visits. / Reidt, Shannon; Holtan, Haley S.; Larson, Tom A; Thompson, Bruce; Kerzner, Lawrence J.; Salvatore, Toni M.; Adam, Terrence J.

In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 64, No. 9, 01.09.2016, p. 1895-1899.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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